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Scientists urge more global cooperation at Shanghai forum

By ZHOU WENTING in Shanghai | China Daily | Updated: 2021-11-02 09:10

What they say

Roger Kornberg, chairman of the World Laureates Association and 2006 Nobel Prize winner in chemistry

I happen to be the editor-in-chief of one of the 50 volumes of Annual Reviews. Annual Reviews, like every other publication, was until recently limited with respect to access… and performed an experiment on open access. Five of the popular reviews were made freely available, and the increase in downloads of those reviews was astounding … It is an example that openness really matters. The leadership of the reviews deserves commendation, and we can only hope something of a similar nature will spread through scientific literature with regard to inclusiveness.

Yang Wei, member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a foreign member of the National Academy of Engineering (USA)

The open science movement has five stakeholders: readers, authors, people who support the founders, publishers and librarians. If any stakeholder only has rights but doesn't bear any responsibility, it will harm the others, and the movement cannot succeed. We should have a shared system, so that authors, for example, have responsibility but don't have the burden of publication or communication of scientific knowledge.

Michael Levitt, vice-chairman of the World Laureates Association and 2013 Nobel Prize winner in chemistry

Establishing priority is incredibly important in science. Without priority, there is no openness. I think in the new ecosystem that will be open science, we will have a new tool for establishing priority. It's blockchain. In blockchain, if you are not first, everyone knows you are not first. Computers are spending all the time to check what you did against what was already done. This priority establishment will be incredibly important for science going forward by ensuring that the person who did it first doesn't necessarily get money, nor royalties, but he gets the name.

Wang Zhonglin, the Eni "Frontier Energy Award" winner in 2018 and foreign member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Students are the ones who can solve future problems (in science)… In education, we should raise students' creativity and curiosity, especially in this era when we have so much information to read… so they can dig out the underlying science and question traditional concepts. Training on basic courses such as math, physics and chemistry are also fundamental.


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