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Progress of AI technology calls for regulation and cooperation

China Daily | Updated: 2024-04-12 08:24

Nubia Technology unveils its latest AI-powered handsets. [Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]

In a recent interview with the CEO of Norges Bank Investment Management, Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla, said artificial intelligence may become smarter than any human by the end of next year.

It is true that AI breakthroughs achieved over the past 18 months, including video generation tools and chatbots, have accelerated the development of AI. The Financial Times reported that Musk actually predicted last year that humans will "fully" achieve general artificial intelligence by 2029. Musk has long been optimistic about AI development, believing it is so powerful that it can beat the most capable human in any field.

However rapid its development, AI needs policy, resources and technological support. Yet its cultivation in many fields now lacks this kind of support. Cooperation among countries is also needed for AI development, but current international cooperation is subject to geopolitics and other restrictive factors, hindering the smooth development of AI.At the same time, AI development is also limited by some cultural factors, such as ChatGPT's answers being more in line with the Western discourse, which means the development of AI with a single national power may increase the imbalance of global AI development. All this calls for precise connection between capital and the market, and extensive international cooperation for AI development.

The fast development of AI in recent years has reduced production costs and improved production efficiency, opening the door to new business formats in multiple areas. Despite bringing in efficiency, the use of artificial intelligence is also fraught with problems and risks. The technology continues to increase the complexity of legal issues involving copyright and privacy and so on, leading to increased calls for the formation of moral boundaries and legal norms applicable to this new technology.

According to experts, the power consumed by human brains is much lower than the power lost to artificial intelligence operation, and there is still a gap between the levels of artificial intelligence and human intelligence. However, from a long-term perspective, they believe that artificial intelligence, which now has many shortcomings compared with the human brain, may eventually surpass human intelligence supported by algorithms and data, depending on how some hardware and software such as chips and algorithms develop.

The era of artificial intelligence is an era of risks and opportunities, and the uncertainty brought by this technology to human society may be far greater than the certainty.


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